The Main Causes of Dandruff and How To Get Rid of It Naturally

The Main Causes of Dandruff and How To Get Rid of It Naturally - One of the most common hair problems is dandruff. In the form of granules or fine flakes in the hair and scalp, in general, dandruff is caused by an oily or dry scalp. The Malassezia globosa microbe on the scalp is also said to have a contribution to dandruff.

Although not contagious, dandruff is very annoying and embarrassing for most of the people. Some people may not even care much about dandruff as long as their hair looks tidy. But for those of you who really pay attention to appearance, after all, dandruff must be eliminated immediately.

What is Dandruff?

Basically, dandruff will occur when a little dry skin is removed from the scalp. You may see flakes on your hair or shoulders. Dandruff can also make your scalp itchy. Although this is a normal problem that can happen to anyone but it is not as simple as it seems.

One thing you should know, the understanding of dandruff often overlaps with seborrheic dermatitis or other skin conditions that cause scaly scalp. There is also an assumption that dandruff is a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis.

Mild dandruff can be treated with a gentle daily shampoo. If that doesn't work, medication might help. However, no matter how persistent you are overcoming dandruff, it often appears again in the next day.

Dandruff Symptoms

The most common sign that someone has dandruff is white patches on the scalp. These patches are made of dead skin that has fallen from your hair.

In addition, other signs of dandruff include an itchy scalp, oily or dry scales on the scalp, and scaly, yellow-to-red bumps along the hairline in severe cases.

main common causes dandruff hair problems concerns how to get rid of treatments cure prevention


Causes of Dandruff

1. Dry skin

If winter air dries out the entire skin including your scalp then dry skin may be the cause of dandruff. Dry skin that causes dandruff produces flakes that are smaller and less oily than the flakes caused by seborrheic dermatitis.

2. Oily skin

People with oily skin are often more prone to dandruff. The reason is, Melassezia globosa feeds on oil on the scalp. Some people's bodies perceive the breakdown of these oils to be irritants, so the scalp reacts by increasing the speed of skin cells renewal, causing dandruff.

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3. Seborrheic dermatitis

If you have a very severe case of dandruff, it is likely a mild case of seborrheic dermatitis. This is an extreme form of chronic that affects the areas of the body.

4. Unclean rinsing

The use of a wide variety of hair care products requires a complete rinse. However, in reality, this is not always fulfilled. Rinsing is performed so that no product residue is mixed with dust and dirt.

5. Malassezia globosa yeast infection


The oleic acid produced by Malassezia globosa causes irritation and promotes dandruff. You have to be careful because although they are not contagious, these microbes are easily spread through combs, hats, helmets or towels. You may see white or yellow flakes on your hair or shoulders.

Risk Factors

Almost anyone can have dandruff, but a number of certain factors make a person more susceptible.

Age. Usually, dandruff starts in adulthood and continues into middle age. However, that does not mean that older adults are not affected at all.

Certain diseases. Some serious diseases such as Parkinson's affect the nervous system which can increase the risk of dandruff.

Sex. According to experts, men are more prone to dandruff than women. Androgen hormones such as testosterone stimulate activity in the sebaceous glands. More oil means an increased chance of an inflammatory reaction and dandruff.

How to Treat Dandruff?


1. Use an anti-dandruff shampoo

Mild dandruff without specific causes can be treated with a variety of hair care products that are sold freely in the market. Before using an anti-dandruff shampoo, you should carefully try to remove as much as possible the scaly patches on the scalp. You do this so that the shampoo can work more effectively.

Use a comb or brush gently to remove loose scales. Next, wash it off with a medicated shampoo. Try not to get rid of the patch or plaque aggressively as this can irritate the condition.

Anti-dandruff shampoo ingredients

For mild and moderate dandruff cases, look for anti-dandruff shampoos that contain the following active ingredients:
  • Pyrithione zinc. Acting as an antifungal and antibacterial, it kills the fungus on the scalp that causes flaking. This shampoo is gentle enough for daily use.
  • Ketoconazole. This is able to kill the fungus that causes dandruff. 
  • Salicylic acid. This removes the extra crust from the scalp before exfoliating. In some people, salicylic acid can dry out the skin and cause more peeling. 
  • Coal tar. It acts as an antibiotic and antifungal. However, this material can cause discoloration in blonde, gray or white hair. 
  • Selenium sulfide. This anti-fungal is able to slow down the death of skin cells.
Until now, there is no cure for dandruff completely. All you can do is control so that dandruff doesn't get worse. Dandruff may come back even though you have used shampoo. Therefore, you are advised to use anti-dandruff shampoo regularly.

2. Consult a doctor

If dandruff and severe itching persist or if the symptoms get worse, you should see a doctor. They will identify the problem and recommend appropriate treatment or prescribe certain medications.

A dermatologist can usually diagnose dandruff just by looking at your scalp. They can rule out extreme conditions like eczema and psoriasis which can also cause flaky skin on the scalp. (Beauté Salon & Spa)

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