9 Most Common Hair Problems and How To Treat Them

9 Most Common Hair Problems and How To Treat Them - Every hair has a different color, style, texture, length and type. But no matter what type of hair you have, you can get hair problems. That's why your hair needs constant and regular care and attention.

Overall, hair is very sensitive to changes in environment, diet, and health. Hair that was previously healthy can be damaged due to several factors, such as dust and dirt, pollution, UV rays and improper use of care products.

You need to know some of the most common hair problems that can affect you. To find out the types of hair problems, you need to identify the visible symptoms that accompany it. Delay in recognizing the signs of hair problems will make your hair more damaged. A number of treatments need to be done to address specific types of hair problems.

Types of Hair Conditions and Their Signs


1. Dry Hair

When your hair doesn't have enough sebum to keep it shiny, it dries out. Sebum itself is an oil that is produced in the body's glands, including the scalp. Without sufficient sebum, the layers of each hair strand are more susceptible to environmental damage.

Hair can become dry from over-washing and drying. Or, it may be a sign of something more serious like a thyroid problem or malnutrition.

People who have dry skin tend to have dry hair too. Dry hair can also be triggered by actions that remove natural oils from the hair, such as swimming in chlorinated pools, sunbathing or overuse of hair dryers or hair styling tools.

The symptoms of dry hair:

  • Rough texture,
  • Split ends,
  • Tangled hair,
  • Dry flakes,
  • Hair fall.

How to treat dry hair


The shampoo removes dirt and sweat from your hair. At the same time, the sebum on the scalp will also disappear. Therefore, avoid washing your hair every day. Instead, use a special shampoo for dry hair or even try a baby shampoo.

2. Oily / Greasy Hair

Oily hair more often affects people with straight hair. The reason is that there may not be enough hair to fully absorb the amount of sebum that the scalp produces. Straight hair tends to be oilier because the sebum moves easily from the roots to the ends of the hair.

Meanwhile, people with curly hair complain of an oily feeling at the roots of the hair and dryness at the ends. This happens because oil builds up near the scalp.

An unexpected cause of oily hair is washing your hair excessively. Every time you wash your hair with shampoo, your scalp will produce more sebum. This can cause oil buildup on the scalp. In addition, straight hair types are very prone to accumulating oil. Straight hair does not have any texture or waves so the oil slides directly down the hair shaft and collects on the head.

most common types hair problems concerns how to treatment products care signs symptoms


The symptoms of oily / greasy hair:

  • Skin rashes,
  • Dandruff,
  • Sticky hair,
  • Hair fall.

How to treat oily / greasy hair

Instead of using hot water, use cold water in the shower. Hot water stimulates the sebaceous glands, producing more sebum. Try rinsing your hair with cold water to seal off the hair cuticles and prevent the glands from overworking.

3. Dandruff

The scalp that produces white flakes is called dandruff. This is a harmless non-inflammatory skin condition. Dandruff which can cause hair loss is of two types: dry and wet.

Dry scalp occurs mostly in winter when the weather is dry. While oily dandruff occurs when the scalp glands secrete excess sebum which has accumulated on the head along with dust, forming flakes.

Most of the people experience dandruff at some time in their life. However, generally, dandruff occurs from adolescence to middle age. There are various causes, including allergic reactions, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis. In addition, age, medical conditions, stress levels, weather, and choice of hair products can all trigger dandruff.

The symptoms of dandruff:

  • Dry scalp,
  • White flakes in the hair and scalp,
  • Itching on the scalp,
  • Greasy hair / scalp,

How to treat dandruff

To treat dandruff, make a hair mask made from natural ingredients. Choose ingredients according to the type of dandruff you are experiencing. Make them a paste and apply on the scalp. Leave it on for 20-30 minutes and rinse it off with a gentle or herbal shampoo.

4. Split Ends

Split ends occur when your hair becomes dry, brittle and frayed. They may resemble the ends of a unraveled rope. Other causes of split ends include exposure to extreme weather conditions and hair care techniques such as straightening, hair drying, and curling.

Chemical hair products can also cause split ends. The number of people who use hair products every day makes split ends a common problem. At some point, almost everyone deals with split ends. Simply put, split ends occur when one strand of hair splits in half.


There are several types of split ends that you should know: classic split ends, incomplete split ends, tree and feathered split ends, and single strand knots. Although this is normal, split ends indicate that your hair is damaged, dry and overall unhealthy.

The symptoms of split ends:

  • Hair breakage,
  • Damaged hair,
  • Rough hair,
  • Frizzy hair.

How to treat split ends

Since this can't be fixed, the most effective way to deal with split ends is to cut them off. Therefore, being proactive and preventing them from the start is very important. If the split ends are not cut, the hair will continue to grow higher along the length of the hair shaft.

5. Hair Loss

Hair loss can develop gradually over years or occur suddenly. Usually, the new hair will replace the lost hair. However, this does not always happen. You may notice a lot of hair in the drain after washing your hair or clumps of hair in your brush. If that happens, then you are more likely to lose hair than usual.

Also called alopecia, hair loss can affect your scalp or your entire body. Temporary or permanent hair loss occurs as a result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or a normal part of aging.

Some people prefer to leave their hair loss untreated and not hidden. While others cover hair loss with hairstyles or hats.

The symptoms of hair loss:

  • Hair thinning,
  • Baldness,
  • Receding hairline,
  • Bald patches.

How to treat hair loss

The first treatment for hair loss is medication. Generally, over the counter (OTC) medications consist of topical creams and gels that are applied directly to the scalp. For a more thorough treatment you should see a dermatologist.

6. Frizzy Hair

Frizz refers to strands of hair that stick out from the rest of your hair. Tending to standing or curling, frizzy hair has a different type of texture. There are several types of frizzy hair including surface frizz, halo frizz, in-the-curl frizz, frizz at the ends, and pouf ball frizz.


Why do your hair get frizzy? A common cause of frizzy hair is excess moisture in the air. As we know, moisture and heat trigger frizzy hair. Besides that, frizzy hair can also be caused by dryness.

Likewise, damaged hair which tends to dry naturally can make hair frizzy. This happens when you apply too much heat to your hair, dye, wash and dry your hair too often.

The symptoms of frizzy hair:

  • Hair fall,
  • Hair breakage,
  • Rough hair.

How to treat frizzy hair

When choosing a shampoo, look for products with glycerin listed at the top of the ingredient list. Glycerin helps fight frizz by penetrating the hair and moisturizing it from the inside out. It's also a great humectant, absorbing moisture in the air, creating a protective layer and keeping moisture in.

7. Damaged Hair

More than just split ends, damaged hair can cause cracks in the outer layer (cuticle). Once the cuticles are open, your hair is at risk of further damage. Hair may look dull, tangled and unruly.

For the most part, hair damage is irreparable because the hair is actually a collection of dead cells. However, with proper care, the outer cuticles can be restored.

The cause of damaged hair is the use of chemicals when you dye your hair. Chemical dyes can strip your hair of natural moisture, making it rough to the touch. The use of styling tools with high temperatures also makes your hair prone to damage.

The symptoms of damaged hair:

  • Easily tangled,
  • Dull and dry,
  • Breaking off easily,
  • Frizzy.

How to treat damaged hair


Use a hair mask that contains a high concentration of reparative and moisturizing ingredients such as vitamins, and oils. You can use the hair mask twice a week or more.

8. Gray / White Hair

For most people, gray hair is an inevitable part of getting older. In the mid-30s, gray hair may appear so it is not surprising that by the age of 50s, some of the hair has turned gray.

There are several causes of gray hair including vitamin deficiency, genetic factors, oxidative stress, certain medical conditions, smoking, exposure to chemicals from hair products.

The symptoms of gray hair:

  • Hair turns to white,
  • Graying of hair.

How to treat gray hair

In the medical world, no effective formula has yet been found to treat gray hair. However, there is nothing wrong with using various natural ingredients such as hazelnut oil, coconut and lemon oil, and guava leaves. You can also take hair oils and hair vitamins.

9. Dull Hair

Dull hair refers to hair that lacks natural moisture and shine. This occurs when the hair doesn't receive or retain enough moisture. Incorrect use of hair care products, lack of nutrients in food, excessive use of chemicals causes hair to become dull.

Luckily, there are a variety of specific treatments to treat dull hair and restore its natural glow.

The symptoms of dull hair:

  • Dry hair,
  • Rough texture,
  • Frizzy hair.

How to treat dull hair

Hair experts recommend conditioning your hair every time you wash it. Conditioner can immediately help smooth the cuticles, which are the outer layer of hair. It also protects the cortex naturally. With consistent application, conditioning can restore hair's natural reflection.

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